animal research

Vivisection and Preventable Disease: Who is to blame?

In the animal ethics literature, there is a common criticism of vivisection that often presents itself (which I will argue is misdirected): “nonhuman animal research is not necessary because so many human illnesses (type 2 diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative diseases, etc.) could have been prevented if humans had just been a little bit smarter, less gluttonous, less lazy,…