Why we have Medical Benefits in Spite of, not because of Animal Research: A Summary of the Failures, and downright dangers, of Animal Research

An important, but all too commonly overlooked anti animal-research argument is the following: we should cease to perform research on animals because animal research is counterproductive: it harms, rather than helps, human beings. Rather than addressing the ethical question that pertains to the moral status of the animals used in research, this argument is concerned with the empirical question of whether…